Đề cương ôn thi lớp 10-2

ÔN THI VÀO LỚP 10 THPT NĂM HỌC 2009 – 2010
Lesson 1 : English Tenses
A. Present tenses
I. The present simple tense ( Thì Hiện tại đơn giản ) :
1. Adverbs :
• Every( morning, afternoon, evening, day, week, month, year )……
• In the ( morning, afternoon, evening, summer, winter .)…
• Never, sometimes, often, usually, always.
• Once, twice, three times / a day, week, month, year.…
2. Form :
a. Tobe = am, is, are = thì, là, ở
(+) S + tobe + adj/N/prep…. Eg : I’m a student.
(-) S + tobe + not + adi/N/prep She isn’t tall.
(?) Tobe + S + adj N/prep …. ? Are you from England ? – yes,I am/ No,I’m not.
(Wh-) Wh- tobe + S + ….. ? What is her name ? – her name is Mai.
b. Verbs ( V )
(+) I,we,you,they + V + O/adv …. Eg : I go to work at 7.00 everyday
She,he,It + Vs,es + O/adv …. She goes to work at 7.00 everyday.
(-) S + don’t/doesn’t + V(
k chia
) ….. They don’t like fish/ he doesn’t eat meat.
(?) Do/does + S + V(
k chia
) ……. ? Do you often get up early ? – yes,I do/ No,I don’t.
Does Nam watch TV after meals? – yes,he does/ No,he doesn’t.
(Wh-) Wh- + do/does + S + V(
k chia
) ….? Which school do they go to ? - Dloc
When does she have English? – on Monday.
II. The present continuous tense ( Thì Hiện tại tiếp diễn ) :
1. Adverbs :
• Now, right now, at the/ this moment, at present, today.
• Listen!,be quiet !
2. Form :
(+) S + is/am/are + V_ing … Eg : We are learning Einglish right now.
(-) S + is/am/are + not + V_ing … It isn’t raining at the moment.
(?) Is/am/are + S + V_ing …? Is Mary doing her homework? –yes,she is/No,she isn’t.
(Wh-) Wh- + is/am/are + S + V_ing ? What are you doing ? _ I’m playing video games.
III. The present perfect tense ( Thì HTHT ) :
1. Adverbs :
• Already (rồi,xong rồi) Eg : She has already had dinner.
• Just ( vừa mới ) - We’ve just gone here.
• Ever, never,not… yet, lately = recently(gần đây)…
• For + khoảng thời gian. For 3 years, for 2 months…….
• Since + mốc thời gian. Since last year, since yesterday, since 2005.
2. Form :
(+) S + have/has + V
ed/3
……. Eg : Ba has bought a new computer recently.
(-) S + have/has + not + V
ed/3
…. The students haven’t finished the work yet.
(?) Have/has + S + V
ed/3
……? Have you met Lan lately?


(Wh-) Wh- + have/has + S + V
ed/3
? Who has he helped?
IV. The present perfect continuous tense ( Thì HTHTTD ) :
• 1. Form : S + have/has + been + V
-ing
+ for/since…..
Eg : I have been studying English since 2005/ I was in grade 6.
Mai has been looking for her bike for hours.
B. Past tenses
I. The past simple tense ( Thì QK Đ).
1. Adverbs :
• Yesterday,last night/week…, 2days/weeks/months ago.
• In 2005, this morning…
2. Form :
a. To be = was, were
+ S + was/were + N/adi/prep….. Eg : I was happy yesterday.
- S + was/were + not + N/adi/prep….. They weren’t at home last night.
? Was/were + S + N/adj/prep…..? Was she a student 3 years ago?
Wh- Wh- + was/were + S + …..? Where were you last Sunday?
b. Verbs
+ S + V-
ed/2
+ O/adv …….. Quang visited Ha Long in 2000.
She went to school at 6 this morning.
- S + did + not + V
(o chia)
…. He didn’t visit HL in 2003.
She didn’t go to school at 5 this morning.
? Did + S + V
(o chia)
…..? Did they buy that shirt ? – yes,they did/No,they didn’t.
(Wh-) Wh- + did + S + V
(o chia)
? What did you do yesterday? – I watched TV.
3. HTHT + Since + QKĐ.
Eg : She hasn’t gone out since she her father bought her a computer.
II. The past simple continuous tense (Thì QKTD).
1. Form + adverbs
+ S + was/were + V
-ing
+ …… Ba&Lan were sleeping at 9.00 last night.
- S + was/were + not + V
-ing
… Her mother wasn’t cooking at this time yesterday.
? Was/were + S + V
-ing
….? Were you staying at home? yes,I was/no,I wasn’t.
2. Thì QKTD dùng với When & While
Eg : We were having lunch when he came = When he came, we were having lunch.
He was watching TV while his wife was listening to music.
III. The past perfect tense (Thì QKHT).
1. Form : S + had + V
ed/3
+ ….. When I came there, they had gone out.
2. Adverbs : when,after,before, by the time,as soon as,…
C. Cuture tenses
I. The future simple tense
1. Adverbs :
• Tomorrow, next, tonight, in 2 minutes/days.