ENGLISH DERIVATIVES - từ phái sinh trong tiếng anh

Biªn so¹n
TrÇn Minh S¬n576
ENGLISH DERIVATIVES
CÇu 7 – N¡M 2009
Bien Soan : Tran Minh Son576
01
Nouns
ability, disability, inability
acceptance
accident
accuracy, inaccuracy
accusation, the accused, accuser
achievement, achiever
act, action, inaction, interaction,
reaction, transaction
activity, inactivity
admiration, admirer
advantage, disadvantage
advertisement, advertiser,
advertising
advice, adviser
agreement, disagreement
aim
amazement
anger
announcement, announcer
appearance, disappearance,
reappearance
applicant, application
appreciation
approval, disapproval
approximation
argument
arrangement
art, artist, artistry
shame
attachment
attack, counter-attack, attacker
attention
attraction, attractiveness
Adjectives
able, unable, disabled
acceptable, unacceptable, accepted
accidental
accurate, inaccurate
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ad
accusing
achievable
acting
Verbs
enable, disable
accept
Adverbs
ably
acceptably,
unacceptably
accidentally
accurately, inaccurately
accusingly
accuse
achieve
act
active, inactive, interactive, proactive activate
additional
add
admirable
admire
advantageous, disadvantaged
advertise
advisable, inadvisable, advisory
agreeable
aimless
amazed, amazing
angry
unannounced
advise
agree, disagree
aim
amaze
anger
announce
appear, disappear, reappear
apply
appreciate
approve, disapprove
approximate
argue
arrange, rearrange
shame
attach, detach
attack, counter-attack
attend
attract
actively
additionally
admirably
advantageously
agreeably
aimlessly
amazingly
angrily
unannounced
applicable, applied
appreciable, appreciative
approving, disapproving
approximate
arguable, argumentative
artistic
ashamed, unashamed, shameful,
shameless
attached, unattached, detachable,
detached
attentive, inattentive
attractive, unattractive
appreciatively
approvingly
approximately
arguably
artistically
shamefully, shamelessly
attentively
attractively
Bien Soan : Tran Minh Son576
Bien Soan : Tran Minh Son576
02
Nouns
authority, authorization
availability
avoidance
awareness
base, the basics, basis
bearer
beat, beating
beauty, beautician
beginner, beginning
behaviour/US behavior,
misbehaviour/US misbehavior
belief, disbelief
block, blockage
blood, bleeding
the boil, boiler
bore, boredom
break, outbreak, breakage
breath, breather, breathing
brother, brotherhood
build, builder, building
burn, burner
burial
calculation, calculator
calm, calmness
capability
care, carer
celebration, celebrity
centre/US center, centralization,
decentralization
certainty, uncertainty
challenge, challenger
change
character, characteristic,
characterization
chemical, chemist, chemistry
circle, semicircle, circulation
cleaner, cleaning, cleanliness
clarity, clearance, clearing
close, closure
closeness
clothes, clothing
collection, collector
colour/US color,
colouring/US coloring
W O R D FA M I L I E S
Verbs
authorize
Adjectives
authoritarian, authoritative,
unauthorized
available, unavailable
avoidable, unavoidable
aware, unaware
baseless, basic
bearable, unbearable
unbeatable, unbeaten
beautiful
behavioural/US behavioral
believable, unbelievable
blocked, unblocked
bloodless, bloody
boiling
bored, boring
unbreakable, broken, unbroken
breathless
brotherly
burning, burnt
buried
incalculable, calculated, calculating
calm
capable, incapable
careful, careless, caring, uncaring
celebrated, celebratory
central, centralized
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certain, uncertain
challenging
changeable, interchangeable,
unchanged, changing
characteristic, uncharacteristic
chemical
circular
clean, unclean
clear, unclear
closed, closing
close
clothed, unclothed
collected, collective
coloured/US colored,
discoloured/US discolored,
colourful/US colorful,
colourless/US colorless
combined
comfortable,
uncomfortable, comforting
noncommittal, committed
communicative, uncommunicative
comparable, incomparable,
comparative
competitive, uncompetitive
complete, incomplete
complicated, uncomplicated
Adverbs
avoid
base
bear
beat
begin
behave, misbehave
believe, disbelieve
block, unblock
bleed
boil
bore
break
breathe
build, rebuild
burn
bury
calculate
calm
care
celebrate
centre/US center, centralize,
decentralize
challenge
change
characterize
characteristically
chemically
circle, circulate
clean
clear
close
clothe
collect
colour/US color
cleanly
clear, clearly
close, closely
collectively
colourfully/US colorfully
unbelievably
unawares
basically
beautifully
boringly
breathlessly
calmly
capably
carefully, carelessly
Bien Soan : Tran Minh Son576
centrally
certainly, uncertainly
combination
comfort, discomfort
commitment
communication, communicator
comparison
competition, competitor
completion, incompleteness
complication
computer, computing,
computerization
concentration
concern
conclusion
condition, precondition,
conditioner, conditioning
confidence
confirmation
confusion
connection
subconscious, unconscious,
consciousness, unconsciousness
combine
comfort
commit
communicate
compare
compete
complete
complicate
computerize
concentrate
concern
conclude
condition
confide
confirm
confuse
connect, disconnect
comfortably
comparatively
competitively
completely, incompletely
concentrated
concerned, unconcerned
concluding, conclusive, inconclusive
conditional, unconditional
confident, confidential
confirmed, unconfirmed
confused, confusing
connected, disconnected,
unconnected
conscious, subconscious,
unconscious
conclusively
conditionally,
unconditionally
confidently, confidentially
confusingly
consciously, unconsciously
Bien Soan : Tran Minh Son576
W O R D FA M I L I E S
Nouns
consequence
consideration
continent
continuation, continuity
contribution, contributor
control, controller
convenience, inconvenience
cook, cooker, cookery, cooking
cool, coolness
correction, correctness
count, recount
cover, coverage, covering
creation, creativity, creator
crime, criminal, criminologist
critic, criticism
crowd, overcrowding
cruelty
cry, outcry
culture, subculture
cure
custom, customer, customs
cut, cutting
damage, damages
danger
dare, daring
dark, darkness
date
day, midday
dead, death
deal, dealer, dealings
deceit, deceiver, deception
decision, indecision
decoration, decorator
deep, depth
defeat, defeatism, defeatist
defence/US defense,
defendant, defender
definition
demand, demands
democracy, democrat
demonstration, demonstrator
denial
dependant, dependence,
independence, dependency
description
desire
destroyer, destruction
determination, determiner
developer, development,
redevelopment
difference, indifference,
differentiation
directness, direction,
directions, director
disagreement
disappointment
disaster
disciplinarian, discipline
discoverer, discovery
distance
disturbance
divide, division, subdivision
divorce, divorcee
do, doing
doubt, doubter
dream, dreamer
03
Adjectives
consequent, inconsequential
considerable, considerate,
inconsiderate, considered
continental, intercontinental
continual, continued, continuous
contributory
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controlling, uncontrollable
convenient, inconvenient
convinced, convincing, unconvincing
cooked, uncooked
cool
correct, incorrect, corrective
countable, uncountable, countless
undercover, uncovered
creative, uncreative
criminal, incriminating
critical, uncritical
crowded, overcrowded
cruel
crying
cultural, cultured
cured, incurable
customary
cutting
damaging, undamaged
endangered, dangerous
daring
dark, darkened, darkening
dated, outdated
daily
dead, deadly, deathly
deceitful, deceptive
decided, undecided, decisive,
indecisive
decorative
deep, deepening
undefeated, defeatist
defenceless/US defenseless,
indefensible, defensive
definite, indefinite
demanding, undemanding
democratic, undemocratic
demonstrable, demonstrative
undeniable
dependable, dependent,
independent
describable, indescribable,
nondescript, descriptive
desirable, undesirable, desired,
undesired
indestructible, destructive
determined, predetermined,
indeterminate
developed, undeveloped, developing
different, indifferent
direct, indirect
disagreeable
disappointed, disappointing
disastrous
disciplinary, disciplined, undisciplined
distant
disturbed, undisturbed, disturbing
divided, undivided, divisible, divisive
divorced
done, overdone, undone
undoubted, doubtful, doubtless
dream, dreamless, dreamy
Verbs
consider, reconsider
Adverbs
consequently
considerably,
considerately
continually, continuously
uncontrollably
conveniently
convincingly
coolly
correctly, incorrectly
undercover
creatively
criminally
Bien Soan : Tran Minh Son576
critically
cruelly
continue, discontinue
contribute
control
inconvenience
convince
cook
cool
correct
count, recount
cover, uncover
create, recreate
incriminate
criticize
crowd
cry
culturally
cure
accustom
cut, undercut
damage
endanger
dare
darken
date, predate
deaden
deal
deceive
decide
decorate
deepen
defeat
defend
define
demand
demonstrate
deny
depend
describe
desire
destroy
determine
develop, redevelop
differ, differentiate
direct, redirect
disagree
disappoint
discipline
discover
distance
disturb
divide, subdivide
divorce
do, outdo, overdo, redo, undo
doubt
dream
differently
directly, indirectly
disagreeably
disappointingly
disastrously
destructively
determinedly
customarily
dangerously
daringly
darkly
daily
deadly, deathly
deceptively
decidedly, decisively,
indecisively
decoratively
deeply
defensively
Bien Soan : Tran Minh Son576
definitely, indefinitely
democratically
demonstrably
undeniably
dependably,
independently
descriptively
distantly
disturbingly
undoubtedly, doubtfully
dreamily
Bien Soan : Tran Minh Son576
04
Nouns
dress, dresser, dressing
drink, drinker, drinking, drunk,
drunkenness
drive, driver, driving
due, dues
earner, earnings
earth
ease, unease, easiness
east, easterner
economics, economist, economy
education
effect, effectiveness, ineffectiveness
effort
election, re-election, elector,
electorate
electrician, electricity
electronics
embarrassment
emotion
emphasis
employee, employer, employment,
unemployment
encouragement, discouragement
end, ending
energy
enjoyment
enormity
entrance, entrant, entry
entertainer, entertainment
enthusiasm, enthusiast
unenthusiastically
environment, environmentalist
equality, inequality
escape, escapism
essence, essentials
estimate, estimation
W O R D FA M I L I E S
Verbs
dress, redress, undress
drink
drive
due, duly, unduly
earn
unearth
ease
east, eastward(s)
economically
educate
effect
elect, re-elect
electrify
embarrass
emphasize
employ
encourage, discourage
end
energize
enjoy
enormously
enter
entertain
enthuse
electrically
electronically
embarrassingly
emotionally
emphatically
Adjectives
dressed, undressed, dressy
drunk, drunken
driving
due, undue
earthy, earthly, unearthly
easy, uneasy
Bien Soan : Tran Minh Son576
east, easterly, eastern
economic, economical, economize
uneconomic(al)
educated, uneducated, educational
effective, ineffective, ineffectual
effortless
unelected, electoral
electric, electrical
electronic
embarrassed, embarrassing
emotional, emotive
emphatic
unemployed
encouraged, encouraging,
discouraging
unending, endless
energetic
enjoyable
enormous
entertaining
enthusiastic, unenthusiastic
environmental
equal, unequal
escaped, inescapable
essential
estimated
Adverbs
dressily
drunkenly
easily, uneasily, easy
educationally
effectively, ineffectively
effortlessly
encouragingly
endlessly
energetically
enjoyably
entertainingly
enthusiastically,
environmentally
equally, unequally
inescapably
equalize
escape
essentially
estimate, overestimate,
underestimate
event, non-event
eventful, uneventful, eventual
exam, examination, cross-examination,
examiner
excellence
excellent
excitement
excitable, excited, exciting,
unexciting
excuse
excusable, inexcusable
existence
non-existent, existing, pre-existing
expectancy, expectation
expectant, unexpected
expenditure, expense, expenses
expensive, inexpensive
experience, inexperience
experienced, inexperienced
experiment
experimental
expert, expertise
expert, inexpert
explaining, explanation
unexplained, explanatory, explicable,
inexplicable
explosion, explosive
exploding, explosive
exploration, explorer
Bien Soan : Tran Minh Son576
exploratory
expression
expressive
extreme, extremism, extremist,
extreme, extremist
extremity
fact
factual
fail, failure
unfailing
fairness
fair, unfair
faith, faithfulness
faithful, unfaithful
familiarity, family
familiar, unfamiliar
fame
famed, famous, infamous
fashion
fashionable, unfashionable
fat
fastener
fault
fear
feel, feeling, feelings
fat, fattening, fatty
faultless, faulty
fearful, fearless, fearsome
unfeeling
eventfully, eventually
examine, cross-examine
excel
excite
excuse
exist, coexist
expect
expend
experience
experiment
explain
explode
explore
express
excellently
excitedly, excitingly
inexcusably
expectantly, unexpectedly
expensively, inexpensively
experimentally
expertly
inexplicably
explosively
expressively
extremely
factually
unfailingly
fairly, unfairly
faithfully
familiarly
famously, infamously
fashionably,
unfashionably
fail
familiarize
fashion
fatten
fasten, unfasten
fault
fear
feel
faultlessly
fearfully, fearlessly
Bien Soan : Tran Minh Son576
W O R D FA M I L I E S
Nouns
fiction, nonfiction
fill, refill, filling
final, semifinal, finalist
finish
firmness, infirmity
fish, fishing
fit, fittings
fix, fixation, fixture
flat
flower
fold, folder
follower, following
force
forest, deforestation, forestry
forgetfulness
forgiveness
form, formation, transformation,
reformer, transformer
formality
fortune
freebie, freedom
freeze, freezer, freezing
frequency, infrequency
freshness, refreshments
friend, friendliness
fright
fruit, fruition
fund, refund, funding
furnishings, furniture
garden, gardener, gardening
generalization
generosity
gentleness
gladness
glass, glasses
good, goodies, goodness, goods
government, governor
gratitude, ingratitude
greatness
green, greenery, greens
ground, underground, grounding,
grounds
grower, growth, undergrowth
guilt, guiltiness
habit
hair, hairiness
hand, handful
handle, handler, handling
hanger
happiness, unhappiness
hardship
harm, harmfulness
head, heading, overheads
health
hearing
heart
heat, heater, heating
height, heights
help, helper, helpfulness, helping
highness
historian, history
hold, holder, holding
home
honesty, dishonesty
hope, hopefulness, hopelessness
human, humanism, humanity,
hunger
hurry
hurt
05
Adjectives
fictional
filling
final
Bien Soan : Tran Minh Son576