De thi HSG Olympic 30/4 nam 2007_Grade 10

NG 30/4

i gian la
m ba
i 180’
A. Find the word that has its underlined part pronounced differently from the other three in
each question. (5 points)
1. A. massage B. carriage C. voyage D. dosage
2. A. dimension B. expansion C. confusion D. tension
3. A. increase B. ink C. pink D. thank
4. A. apology B. classify C. testify D. verify
5. A. beloved B. naked C. ploughed D. learned
B. Find the word with the stress pattern different from that of the other three words in each
question. (5 points)
1. A. obvious B. notorious C. credulous D. numerous
2. A. dialect B. diagram C. diagonal D. diamond
3. A. Europe B. monument C. province D. minority
4. A. obsolete B. complete C. compete D. deplete
5. A. consent B. obstinacy C. condolence D. equality
A. Choose the best answer. (10 points)
1. She loved tennis and could watch it till the _____ came home.
A. she B. everyone C. horses D. cows
2. Could you close the window? There is a bit of a _____.
A. current B. wind C. draught D. breeze
3. Thousands of steel _____ were used as the framework of the new office block.
A. beams B. girders C. stakes D. piles
4. The ceiling fans were on, but unfortunately they only _____ the hot, humid air.
A. stirred up B. poured through C. turned into D. cut back
5. He set one alarm-clock for five o’clock and the other for five past so as to _____ that he did not
A. assure B. ensure C. insure D. reassure
6. When Tim was eating a cherry, he accidentally swallowed the _____.
A. nut B. stone C. seed D. core
7. It was only _____ he told me his surname that I realised that we had been to the same school .
A. then B. until C. as soon as D. when
8. He got an excellent grade in his examination _____ the fact that he had not worked particularly
hard .
A. on account of B. because C. in spite of D. although
9. Their eventual choice of house was _____ by the time Peter would take to get to the office.
A. related B. consequent C. determined D. dependent
10. It turned out that we ______ rushed to the airport as the plane was delayed by several hours .
A. hadn’t B. should have C. mustn’t D. needn’t have
B. Supply the correct form of the word provided in brackets in each sentence. (5 points)
1. His busy schedule made him completely (access) __________ to his students.
2. He works for UNESCO in a purely (advice) ________ role.
3. The sun and the moon are often (person)_________ in poetry.
4. I’ve never known such a (quarrel) ______ person.
5. I don’t care if you had had too much to drink. Your behaviour last night was (defend) ______ .
C. Choose the right verbs provided in the box, then use the most suitable forms of the verbs
to fill in the numbered blanks. (5 points)
break call slow take draw
1. The red car has just ______ up in front of our house. Are we expecting anyone ?
2. His condition is worse than before. I think we should ______ in a doctor .
3. I’ve won a million pound ! I don’t believe it ! I simply can’t ______ it in !
4. Could you ______ down, please. I don’t like driving so fast on country roads.
5. I’m sorry. I’m late. The car has ______ down again. I’ve left it about a mile down the street.
D. From the four underlined words or phrases (A), (B), (C), or (D), identify the one that is not
correct. (10 points)
1. Anthropologists agree that our primitive ancestors who inhabited the tropics
probably have natural protection against the sun.
2. A good exercise program helps teach people to avoid the habits that might shorten
the lives.
3. A thunder usually follows lightning by five seconds for every mile between the flash
and the observer.
4. Forgery, in law, is the fabrication or altering of a written document with the intent to
deceive or defraud.
5. During the first half of the nineteenth century, immigrants to the United States were
predominant from Western Europe; after the Civil War, however, new arrivals came
mainly from Eastern and Southern Europe, as well as from Asia.
6. Bill Gates built his microcomputer software company into one of the largest
in the nation, and in doing so became one of the country's wealthiest and most
respected man.
7. With his many theories, Albert Einstein did a great impact on physics, so much so that
he is often called the greatest physicist of all time.
8. Since rats are destructive and may carry disease, therefore many cities try to
exterminate them.
9. In that age of computers, it is difficult to imagine how tedious the work of accountants
and clerks must have been in the past.
10. Made up of more than 150 member countries, the organization known as the United
Nations were established after World War II to preserve international peace and
E. Supply the correct tense of the verb in brackets. (8 points)
1. You must tell me the truth. I insist on (tell) the truth.
2. (Thompson catch ) the ball, we would have won the game.
3. Don’t worry. We (finish) the report by 11 o’clock.
4. Fred was pleased (admit) to the college.
5. There were some people (row) on the river.
6. Alex has a test tomorrow that he needs to study for. He (not watch) TV right now.
7. Were I (know) the answer, I (tell) you right away.
A. Read the passage and then decide which word (A, B, C, or D) best fits each space. (10
Rock carving suggest that Stone Age people were hunting whales for food as early as 2200 B.C.
Such (1) ________ hunting is still practiced today in a number of (2) ________ including the Inuit
people of Greenland and North America.
Whaling became big business from the seventh century as the (3) ________ for whalebone and
whale oil rose, and humpback and sperm whales were hunted in (4) ________ large numbers. But
just as stocks of these species began to fall, the explosive harpoon-gun was (5) ________. This
weapon, together with the development of steam-power ships, (6) ________ the whalers to hunt the
fast-moving fin and blue whales.
In 1905 the whaling (7) ________ moved to the waters of Antarctica. The introduction of massive
factory ships enabled the whales to be processed at sea. As a result, the blue whale had (8)
________ disappeared by the 1950s. In 1946 the International Whaling Commission was
established to maintain the declining whale populations. Quotas were (9) ________ but these were
often (10)________ and numbers continued to fall. Hunting of many species continued until 1986
when the IWC finally responded to international pressure and a ban on commercial whaling was
1. A. survival B. essential C. basic D. subsistence
2. A. groups B. societies C. races D. nationalities
3. A. demand B. desire C. request D. reliance
4. A. repeatedly B. frequently C. continually D. increasingly
5. A. invented B. discovered C. assembled D. applied
6. A. managed B. employed C. enabled D. empowered
7. A. lines B. troops C. staff D. fleets
8. A. virtually B. possibly C. uniquely D. commonly
9. A. made B. set C. placed D. done
10. A. refused B. denied C. ignored D. exempted
B. Read the text below and think of the word which best fits each space. Use only one word in
each space. (10 points)
Although the rise in the global temperature by 4 per cent predicted by many scientists may not
sound like much, it is the difference between now and the last Ice Age, when huge glaciers covered
Europe and most of Britain. Nobody knows (1) ______ what would happen in a warmer world, but
we (2) ______ know some things. Heat a kettle and the (3) ______ inside it expands. The (4)
______ of the world has climbed more than half a degree this century, and the oceans have (5)
______ by at least 10 cm.
But (6) ______ as it takes several minutes for a kettle to begin warming, (7) ______ it may
have taken the ocean thirty years to swell. This (8) ______ that the global warming we are now
experiencing is a result only of the carbon dioxide we have dumped into the atmosphere (9) ______
to the 1960s. Since then, the (10) ______ of fossil fuels has increased rapidly.
Scientists (11) ______ for the United nations and European governments have been warning
that (12) ______ the Dutch and the people of East Anglia will need to do will (13) ______ to build
more extensive sea defenses. Many of the world’s great cities are (14) ______ risk, because they
are (15) ______ at sea level. Miami, (16) ______ entirely built on a sandbank, could be (17)
______ away. But the effect of rising sea levels will be much (18) ______ for the developing
countries. With a meter rise in sea levels, 200 million could become homeless.
There are other fears too, (19) ______ to a recent United Nations report. The plight of the
hungry in northern Africa could (20) ______ , as rainfall in the Sahara and beyond is reduced by 20
per cent.
C. Read the passage and choose the correct answer for the following questions: (5 points)
All at once Hazel was coming in through the French windows, pulling off gardening gloves,
and Bill was entering through the door, both at once. So I only had time to take one quick look at
her before I turned to face him. All very confusing. What that first glimpse showed me was that
time had thickened her figure but didn’t seem to have made much difference to her face. It still had
good skin and youthful outlines. She was holding a bunch of roses – must have been cutting them
in the garden while waiting for me. The gardening gloves lent a delightfully informal touch. It was
quite an entrance, though Bill spoilt it a bit by making his at the same time.
Bill seemed longer and thinner. His tightly massed hair had a tinge of grey. Apart from that,
twenty years had done nothing to him, except deepen the lines of thoughtfulness that had already,
when I knew him, begun to spread across his face. Or was that all? I looked at him again, more
carefully, as he looked away from me at Hazel. Weren’t his eyes different somehow? More inward
looking than ever? Gazing in not merely at his thoughts, but at something else, something he was
keeping hidden or perhaps protecting.
Then we were chattering and taking glasses in our hands, and I came back to earth. For the first
ten minutes we were all so defensive, so carefully probing, that nobody learnt anything. Bill had
forgotten me altogether, that much was clear. He was engaged in getting to know me from scratch,
very cautiously so as not to hit a wrong note, with the object of getting me to contribute a big sub-
scription to his African project. I kept trying to absorb details about Hazel, but Bill was talking
earnestly about African education, and the strain of appearing to concentrate while actually
thinking about his wife proved so great that I decided it would be easier just to concentrate. So I
did. I let him hammer away for about ten more minutes, and then the daughter, who seemed to be
acting as parlourmaid, showed in another visitor. Evidently we were to be four at lunch.
1. What effect had time had on Hazel and Bill?
A. They had both lost weight.
B. They were more withdrawn.
C. They hadn’t changed at all.
D. They had changed in subtle ways.
2. When they all started talking, the writer
A. relaxed at last.
B. stopped dreaming.
C. spoke most to Hazel.
D. began to remember things.
3. The writer found the first part of their conversation
A. sentimental.
B. irritating.
C. uninformative.
D. trivial.